WASHINGTON — An end-of-the-year showdown that was as soon as promised over delicate points like immigration, well being care and surveillance appeared to fizzle on Wednesday as key Republicans dropped their calls for to shore up shaky medical health insurance markets and Democrats appeared to desert their aim to drive adoption of a measure defending younger undocumented immigrants from deportation.

As an alternative, Congress moved towards a one-month punt that may preserve the federal government funded into January and as soon as once more postpone coverage confrontations.

As Republicans celebrated the passage of their tax overhaul on the White Home with President Trump, the occasion’s leaders within the Home and Senate labored behind the scenes to form a stopgap spending measure to fund federal businesses and avert a authorities shutdown.

Solely days in the past, Senator Susan Collins, Republican of Maine, mentioned she would vote for the tax invoice as a result of she had secured a promise from the bulk chief, Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, to incorporate two well being care provisions to stabilize insurance coverage markets in an end-of-the-year spending measure. On Wednesday, she dropped that demand and mentioned she hoped it could be handed in early 2018.

“It appears just like the Christmas current of decrease medical health insurance premiums will now must be a Valentine’s Day current,” mentioned Senator Lamar Alexander, Republican of Tennessee, who had joined Ms. Collins’s demand.

Equally, Senator Jeff Flake, Republican of Arizona, traded his vote on the tax invoice, partly for a promise from Republican leaders to contemplate a deal to guard younger immigrants introduced into the US as kids, often known as Dreamers. Mr. McConnell mentioned on Wednesday that if negotiators may attain bipartisan settlement on the deal in January, he would put it to a full Senate vote.

Behind these choices was a need to keep away from confrontation and depart Washington for the Christmas vacation.

“I can’t consider an even bigger act of political malpractice after a profitable tax reform vote than to close the federal government down,” mentioned Consultant Charlie Dent, Republican of Pennsylvania. “Speak about stepping by yourself message. I imply, actually, how dumb would that be?”

However the value for peace was anger and frustration in each events.

By sustaining present spending ranges into January, Republican leaders would make it troublesome to bolster army spending as promised till effectively into the fiscal yr. Democrats, particularly within the Home, mentioned they had been outraged that their leaders once more squandered a second of leverage to depart younger immigrants unprotected.

“To all people who says, ‘We will wait till subsequent yr’ — we will’t,” mentioned Consultant Luis Gutiérrez, Democrat of Illinois. “As a result of you realize what? Your work allow didn’t expire. Your kids aren’t going to face deportation. Your hope for the long run doesn’t vanish.”

However no last choices had been made on Wednesday, and funding for a lot of the federal government runs out at midnight Friday. Nonetheless awaiting consideration is the favored Kids’s Well being Insurance coverage Program, often known as CHIP, whose funding expired on Oct. 1, in addition to laws to reauthorize a program permitting warrantless surveillance of foreigners overseas, which expires Dec. 31.

Home Republicans appeared poised to connect a short-term extension of the surveillance program to that chamber’s spending invoice, which might fund the federal government by means of Jan. 19. The Senate was more likely to observe an analogous course, laying aside the query of what to do in regards to the regulation till early subsequent yr.

Additionally left unresolved is an $81 billion package deal of reduction for hurricane- and fire-ravaged areas. Home Republicans have put collectively a measure that would supply the cash, elevating the whole quantity of catastrophe help accepted by Congress since September to greater than $130 billion. However it’s unclear when the measure shall be thought of.

Senator Jeff Flake of Arizona traded his vote on the tax invoice, partly for a promise from Republican leaders to contemplate a deal to guard younger immigrants introduced into the US as kids.Credit scoreAaron P. Bernstein/Reuters

With the punt, lawmakers from each events seem decided to keep away from a Christmas Eve disaster.

Home Republicans had beforehand unveiled a plan that would supply non permanent funding to maintain the federal government open by means of Jan. 19, coupled with a full yr of funding for the Protection Division. However that method can be a nonstarter within the Senate, the place Democrats have the facility to dam spending measures.

Home Republicans have since backed away from that plan, solely to face resistance from protection hawks of their convention throughout a closed-door assembly Wednesday night as they tried to corral the votes essential to go the spending invoice.

“Proper now, that is all about protection,’’ mentioned Consultant Chris Collins, Republican of New York. “It comes all the way down to, the protection hawks need cash and assurances that, sadly, the Senate’s not ready to present them.”

Though the 2018 fiscal yr started on Oct. 1, lawmakers are nonetheless removed from reaching an settlement on a long-term spending package deal to fund the federal government.

Republican and Democratic leaders need to attain a deal to lift strict spending caps that had been imposed in 2011. However they’ve up to now been unable to agree, and till such a pact is made, a long-term spending invoice can’t be negotiated.

Leaders of each events within the Home and the Senate help laws to supply 5 years of funding for CHIP, however they’ve been unable to agree on the way to pay for it. And Republicans insist that Congress should discover a option to offset the price of new spending on this system, a place that infuriates Democrats, who say the tax invoice was not “paid for.”

“All these senators which have insurance coverage paid for by the taxpayers are celebrating on the White Home in the present day, doing this tax lower, whereas they’re keen to go dwelling having not taken care of 209,000 kids in my state,” mentioned Senator Sherrod Brown, Democrat of Ohio.

“Hundreds of thousands of households in the US at the moment are going through Christmas vaguely understanding that insurance coverage for his or her kids is perhaps lower off on the finish of the yr,” Mr. Brown mentioned.

Because it turned more and more clear that Congress would postpone motion on Democratic priorities like CHIP and immigration, some Democrats and activists accused Consultant Nancy Pelosi of California and Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, the Home and Senate Democratic leaders, of giving up.

NextGen America, a gaggle that usually focuses on local weather and power points, mentioned Democrats ought to vote towards the spending invoice if it didn’t embody the immigration measure, often known as the Dream Act.

“If we really need to be the occasion of progress and alternative, the occasion of ‘Si, se puede,’ then we should shield younger immigrants,” mentioned the group’s founder, Tom Steyer, utilizing Spanish for “Sure, we will.” “Leaders Pelosi and Schumer appeared Dreamers within the eye and promised to face up for them — and now’s the time to do it. If we gained’t battle for our younger folks, then what are we doing?”

Senator Richard J. Durbin of Illinois, the No. 2 Democrat within the Senate and the chamber’s primary champion of the Dream Act, mentioned the White Home had been demanding various border safety and enforcement measures that Democrats opposed.

One Democratic aide acquainted with the negotiations within the Senate mentioned that Democrats had been more and more nervous that they’d be blamed for a authorities shutdown if their occasion blocked the spending invoice and held agency on having an immigration deal earlier than January.

However Consultant Michelle Lujan Grisham, Democrat of New Mexico and the chairwoman of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, mentioned she refused to simply accept that lawmakers would select to go dwelling for the vacations whereas younger undocumented immigrants had been holding starvation strikes and being arrested at protests to maintain households collectively.

“The second I settle for that we will do one thing later is the second I inform people who’re right here — dropping their jobs, having their households separated, taking unbelievable dangers — that their points and the dad and mom who’re struggling to have CHIP funding, and veterans, that they don’t seem to be price our help,” she mentioned.

Thomas Kaplan, Nicholas Fandos and Robert Pear contributed reporting.

A model of this text seems in print on , on Web page A18 of the New York version with the headline: Lawmakers Attempt to Punt To Keep away from a Shutdown . Order Reprints | At present’s Paper | Subscribe


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