FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. — Among the many suspects on the record of the nation’s 10 worst mass shootings, Nikolas Cruz is alone in a single factor: He was taken alive.

His arrest raises the uncommon prospect of a dying penalty trial for a bloodbath, an enormous endeavor with far-reaching penalties for all concerned. Some wouldn’t be happy with out an execution, whereas for others the trial itself would carry anguish.

The chief prosecutor right here in Broward County has mentioned that the killing of 17 individuals at a highschool on Valentine’s Day “definitely is the kind of case the dying penalty was designed for.” A trial stands out as the solely alternative to put naked the entire information. However it could additionally possible be televised and adopted by prolonged appeals, scary years of public agony, in addition to sustained consideration for Mr. Cruz, who has already confessed.

Over years of mass shootings, from a college campus in Huntsville, Ala., to a movie show in Aurora, Colo., prosecutors have struggled with this conundrum, testing political winds, spending days speaking with survivors and households of the useless and reflecting on the intersection between morality and the oath of workplace.

Even Broward County’s public defender, whose workplace is representing Mr. Cruz and who needs to save lots of his life, readily acknowledges the wrenching feelings which might be a part of a case that’s solely starting.

“If it had been my daughter, I’d wish to personally kill my shopper, make no mistake about it,” mentioned Howard Finkelstein, the general public defender, an elected place.

Michael J. Satz, the Broward County prosecutor.Credit scoreWorkplace of the State Lawyer Broward County

Already, Mr. Finkelstein’s workplace has supplied a method to keep away from a trial: Mr. Cruz’s responsible plea in change for a punishment of 17 consecutive life sentences with out parole. However Mr. Finkelstein acknowledges that for some victims, that may not be sufficient: “I’m a father. I don’t know whether or not I’d take my provide.”

Kin of the victims of the bloodbath at Marjory Stoneman Douglas Excessive Faculty in Parkland, Fla., haven’t but made their emotions in regards to the dying penalty extensively recognized. And it isn’t clear the place Michael J. Satz, Broward County’s prosecutor, is in his deliberations. He declined to remark.

Mr. Satz, who was elected state lawyer when Gerald R. Ford was president, is thought to be a hard-edged prosecutor, b ut he’s nonetheless more likely to think about an array of things, together with the chances of persuading a jury.

Though jurors condemned males for massacres in Charleston, S.C., the place 9 churchgoers had been killed, and at Fort Hood, Tex., the place there have been 13 fatalities, they spared the lifetime of the Aurora gunman who killed 12, citing his historical past of psychological sickness. Within the Huntsville taking pictures, the prosecutor mentioned his conversations with the households of the victims had been a purpose he didn’t search execution.

George Brauchler, the lead prosecutor within the Aurora case, mentioned he had engaged in “severe soul-searching” about whether or not to move up a plea deal and search the dying penalty. “That is as a lot an ethical resolution as it’s a resolution about justice, and that isn’t a simple resolution to make,” he mentioned.

“Till you might be signing your title to a chunk of paper that begins the equipment of presidency towards one other human being to take their life, whether or not it’s deserved or not, you don’t know what you’re speaking about.”

Howard Finkelstein, Broward County’s public defender, whose workplace is representing Mr. Cruz, has supplied a method to keep away from a trial: a responsible plea in change for a punishment of 17 consecutive life sentences with out parole.Credit scoreCarline Jean/South Florida Solar Sentinel

Mr. Brauchler mentioned he had met along with his Roman Catholic priest, and conferred with members of the family of the victims in addition to survivors of the assault. A number of the conversations had been tense and punctuated by yelling. Some individuals urged a measure of mercy for the gunman, Mr. Brauchler recalled, whereas others mentioned, “I wish to put the needle in his arm.” Ultimately, Mr. Brauchler mentioned, he didn’t discover the gunman’s psychological sickness protection credible.

Demise penalty instances are the prison justice system’s most complicated, costly and emotionally taxing. It might take weeks and even months to current volumes of proof that may embody post-mortem after post-mortem and the painstaking recollection of each crack or increase of gunfire and each phrase the killer uttered.

The trials can put on down even probably the most skilled specialists. When it got here time to cross-examine a survivor of the Charleston assault, a protection lawyer, David I. Bruck, mentioned solely: “Ms. Sheppard, I’m so sorry. I’ve no questions.”

A vital consideration in potential capital instances, prosecutors and protection attorneys mentioned, is whether or not failing to hunt the dying penalty in a mass taking pictures would set a precedent, making it harder to hunt it in instances with decrease dying tolls.

In Charleston, the federal authorities had a pointy inner debate, and met with resistance from members of the family of victims, earlier than it determined to hunt the dying penalty case towards Dylann S. Roof.

“The dying penalty itself turns into a participant within the resolution, virtually as if the dying penalty is given a seat on the desk,” mentioned Mr. Bruck, who represented Mr. Roof in the course of the guilt section of his trial however was sidelined by the defendant in the course of the penalty section, when jurors resolve whether or not a dying sentence is acceptable. “There are plea agreements in a variety of instances,” Mr. Bruck mentioned. “When there are, it’s often as a result of the prosecution acknowledges — and generally the bigger neighborhood acknowledges — that there are issues to think about outdoors of simply whether or not or not we will kill this individual.”

George Brauchler, left, the lead prosecutor within the Aurora, Colo., taking pictures case, mentioned he had engaged in “severe soul-searching” about whether or not to move up a plea deal and search the dying penalty.Credit scorePool picture by RJ Sangosti

For protection attorneys searching for to spare their shopper’s life, an attraction to effectivity is among the few playing cards they’ll play — notably when, as Mr. Finkelstein says, the “case is just not a whodunit.”

Anticipating that Mr. Satz will search the dying penalty, Mr. Finkelstein and his deputies are already getting ready for a “lengthy, arduous authorized battle” and intend to focus on jury choice. As a result of juries should unanimously advocate dying sentences in Florida, a single juror might stop execution. Mr. Finkelstein mentioned the protection would possible deal with psychological well being and the buildup of failures by authorities companies to cease Mr. Cruz from opening fireplace.

Melisa McNeill, the assistant public defender who has appeared with Mr. Cruz in court docket and would possible be the lead lawyer if there’s a trial, didn’t reply to a message on Friday.

In Florida, the place 347 individuals are on dying row after an execution on Thursday night time, state regulation spells out a roster of aggravating elements and mitigating circumstances that jurors could think about in capital instances. Aggravating elements, a minimum of one among which have to be confirmed for somebody to be eligible for a dying sentence, embody a discovering defendant “knowingly created a fantastic threat of dying to many individuals” or murder was “dedicated in a chilly, calculated and premeditated method.”

Mitigating circumstances, like a defendant’s age and whether or not she or he was beneath the “affect of utmost psychological or emotional disturbance” on the time of the crime, can legally tilt jurors towards a punishment of life in jail.

Mr. Finkelstein made plain that he’s dreading any trial right here, and never only for authorized causes. In his dimly lit workplace, he raspily declared a hope that “divine intervention” would persuade Mr. Satz to keep away from a trial and an airing of the tragic particulars.

“That is probably the most terrible factor, not solely that I’ve ever seen — that I’ve even imagined in some sick film or creativeness. This was hell on earth,” he mentioned. “It’s terrible due to what was finished to those poor children. It’s terrible due to the households that may by no means be the identical. It’s terrible due to the neighborhood, and it’s terrible to be concerned representing anyone when the neighborhood hates and hurts a lot due to that individual.”


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